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Recent Articles 2022

Circular Economy and the Construction Industry

Circular Economy and the Construction Industry

By RISC | 3 weeks ago

Did you know which industries have the highest environmental impact? ​Building is a sector that consumes a lot of natural resources and has a huge impact on the world. Mountains are blown up to make cement. Trees are felled and rocks, sand, and minerals are extracted to make building materials. Demolition also uses lots of energy and creates waste. Not to mention the massive amount of plastic packaging that covers supplies during transport and is thrown away as soon as it reaches the construction site. Great quantities of plastic garbage and waste from construction sites mostly go to landfills. ​We can reduce the impact of these processes if we understand resource consumption at every step. ​"Circular Economy" is a term in growing use across a variety of businesses. It involves using resources wisely. Every process must generate the least amount of trash, which must be recycled or turned into new resources. ​Effective implementation is the challenging part. It starts with designing and planning the product's lifecycle for greatest efficiency from production to end of life, so products can be restored or recycled instead of being disposed of as waste at the end of use. We must first start with changing the mindset and the conventional way of thinking in the linear economy, where many people compete for resources. ​Here’s how RISC has applied its research on the circular economy in real estate projects: ​• Recycled Concrete Aggregate (RCA): This method involves putting building trash piles into a grinder, separating metal scraps and removing the concrete scraps for use as concrete floor mixture. Foundation piles are recycled and used as a component of concrete floors, reducing waste piles while advancing the circular economy. ​• Recycled Plastic Road: This procedure involves combining leftover plastic to fortify asphalt roads to reduce plastic waste and raise its value by upcycling. Plastic waste is crushed and mixed with asphalt. ​• Upcycling Curbside & Walkway: These items were created in accordance with the circular economy to lessen the impact of plastic trash in the community and give it a higher value. The products must undergo standard certification testing and meet TIS 827-2531 and 378-2531 requirements to attain quality comparable to materials on the market and to be practical without having an adverse effect on people or the environment. ​Many operators will find it tough to integrate the circular economy into the construction sector since it would transform current approaches. Effective collaboration by the public and commercial sectors is essential to advancing a circular economy in the building industry:​• Governmental organizations must assist, set policies, and inspire entrepreneurs. ​• Private-sector developers need to be more concerned with society and the environment and have a sustainable perspective. ​• Architects, engineers, designers, building contractors, and entrepreneurs producing various construction materials need to modify their design concept products and services to achieve sustainnovation.​By taking action on each process, we can reduce the severity of the climate change catastrophe and extend the lifespan of this planet. The "Circular Economy in Construction Industry (CECI) Network" is a group of allies in the construction industry in Thailand. MQDC is one of the 23 partners working to advance the idea of the circular economy. This is a fantastic place to start if you want to eventually transform Thailand's construction sector and move it toward sustainable growth. ​Story by: Tiptaptim Bhumibhanit, Senior Sustainable Designer, RISC

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Why is research vital in real estate?

Why is research vital in real estate?

By RISC | 4 weeks ago

Ever wondered why we need research in real estate development? Past residential design might seem beautiful, healthy, and liveable. But there can be hidden consequences for residents, natural resources, and the environment. RISC would like to share why research matters. ​Let's start with a definition of research. ​Research means seeking knowledge by collecting data, information, and finding facts to solve problems or develop new knowledge. Research applies different methods and theories in each area for direct and indirect benefits. ​Research and development (R&D) is a boundless task of asking questions and finding answers. Using this method in real estate development will support long-term organizational growth by generating new technological knowledge to improve and develop quality of life and new living innovations. ​A liveable city is made possible by real estate development, which has a significant direct and indirect impact on residents, structures, and the environment. Research that has passed the screening process will create or add value in quality of life and well-being in various dimensions, such as upgrading indoor living for well-being, designs that reduce health impact for occupants by using safe materials, and systematic design that reduces the risk of various pathogens and increases safety through international design standards including from research and testing in the testing lab and real world. ​Research supports the selection of long-lasting materials that meet usage needs, reduce energy consumption, or substitute materials for effective natural resource consumption, as well as the introduction of new knowledge and technology to help lessen the impact on the environment. This is in addition to the building and the environment. ​By developing a conceptual model and design that deviate from the typical real estate development, we can understand how research is crucial to upgrading quality of life. It can also modify the original design to accommodate modern living requirements and be better prepared for potential changes in the real estate market.By Dr. Jittapat Choruengwiwat, Senior Vice President, RISC

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What type of railing is safest for your home?

What type of railing is safest for your home?

By RISC | 1 month ago

Did you know that slips and falls, particularly when children and older adults are involved, are among Thailand’s most frequent accidents? A key safety factor is secure railings. ​​Making safe railings involves seeing how they can fail.​Let's start with children...​Kids from 1 and 15 in Thailand often suffer accidents. Falls are a common cause, after sudden illnesses and car accidents. The National Institute of Emergency Medicine ranks accidents involving children falling as the second most frequent type of accident.​​A study by Dr. John F. Culvenor in Australia in 1992–93 found that 6,642 kids were hurt in falls from heights, with children under 4 accounting for 33% of all injuries. Common causes were falls from obstructions or fences no higher than 90 cm! Spaces between rails can let youngsters squeeze through. Children love to play in the spaces between balcony railings because they are just the right size to stick an arm, a leg, or a head through. Children's actions such as climbing rails or barriers often result in accidents.​​So why are kids most in danger? The primary cause is... ​- A child's body is still developing and might lack co-ordination for age-appropriate curiosity. ​- A minder might be neglectful, whether a parent, guardian, or another individual. ​- A child's environment, both physically and socially, might lead to accidents. ​​As we can see, there are many contributing factors. Design must therefore boost security by taking into account age-appropriate curiosity as well as situations when a child is left alone. The following design features are required:​​- Railing height ​To ensure that an adult leaning on it cannot fall, the railing must be at least 120 cm tall. ​- Railing distance ​Each rail's vertical and horizontal spacing must be no more than 9 cm apart to prevent little children from inserting their heads, feet, legs, and torsos.​- Railing design ​The railing form needs to be carefully planned, taking account of everyone's behavior and especially that of young children. Railings must lower the likelihood of climbing. Guard rails must be held in place without horizontal features that provide footrests. ​- Climbing dangers ​Avoid placing anything close to the railing that could be used as a ladder, such as an AC compressor, seat, or planter.​- Durability ​Railings must be strong enough to bear the weight of people leaning on or holding them. Use laminated glass to prevent shattering. ​Railings are also vital for older adults…​Physical decline, difficulty moving, and poor eyesight can put older adults at high risk of accidents. To protect all ages, the following factors apply:​- Handrails must have a diameter of 30-45 mm.​- Handrails must have a height of at least 0.7–0.9 m from the floor.​- Handrails must be continuous and installed on both sides of walkways and stairs.​- Material should be smooth and easy to clean.​- Handrails on stairs should extend at least 30 cm for better support.​- Handrails should have a gap of at least 5 cm from the wall.​- Handrail material should be stainless steel or wood that can be comfortably gripped (and isn’t temperature sensitive).​- The handrail material must be stable and strong.​And railings are also vital for pets! ​Design must protect dogs, cats, and other animals because pets are seen as family. A cat's head is 6-7 cm in diameter so design must adhere to following requirements:​- Railing gap​Since 5 mm is the smallest distance pets can squeeze through, gaps should be small.​- Railing design ​Pets should not be able to walk through or over railings. ​​We can see that it’s important to consider safe railing design for both people and animals. RISC has established Residential Design and Development Standards everyone to live in safety, happiness, and independence while also enjoying a sustainable and higher-quality life.​​Story by:​ Dr. Sarigga Pongsuwan, Vice President, Head of Happiness Science Hub & Innovation for Dissemination, RISC, and Saritorn Amornjaruchit, AVP, Research Integration & Design Solutions for Well-Being, RISC ​​References:​Anucha Setthasatien, 2014​National Institute for Emergency Medicine, 2014​Child Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention Center, Ramathibodi Hospital “Public Forum for Child Safety” Faculty of Medicine, Three Institutes (Chula-Rama-Siriraj) collaborated with Engineering Institute of Thailand and ThaiHealth Promotion Foundation (June, 2011.)​Suwanna Ruangkanchanaset, 2008; Adisak Plaitsipong, 2007; Morrongiello, Ondejko & Littlejohn, 2004.​Tollin and Koka, 2009

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